Nitric Acid SDS: Confidence insafety

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  • Product Namely: Nitric Acid 9 M – 15.8 M (Concentrated).
  • Signal Sign: DANGER!
  • Thorough Nitric Acid SDS – Safeguarding with detailed instructions.


  • It belongs to the hazard class of oxidizing liquids.
  • The material may raise the risk of fire and can act as an oxidizer by supplying oxygen for combustion.
  • Keep heat, sparking, open flames, & hot surfaces at a distance.
  • Do not smoke while handling this product.
  • Metals may be harmed, decayed, or destroyed by the substance, particularly if exposed to it over a lengthy period of time or in high concentrations.
  • It causes damage to the eyes and serious burns to the skin.
  • Do not inhale spray, fumes, or mist.
  • Stay away from acetic acid and products that oxidize easily.
  • IARC has categorized industrial exposure involving nitric acid fumes and mists as a known carcinogen for humans.


Name of Component CAS Number Formula Formula Weight Concentration
Nitric acid 7697-37-2 HNO3 63.01 g/mol 40-70%
Water 7732-18-5 H2O 18.01 g/mol 30-60%


  • If you feel unwell, contact a doctor.
  • If inhaled: Remove the victim to fresh air & keep them at rest in a breathing-friendly position.
  • If in the eyes: Carefully rinse for a few minutes(20 minutes) with water. If contact lenses are present & simply possible to remove, do so. Rinsing continues.
  • If on hair & skin: Remove any contaminated garments right away. Wash your skin with water.
  • Before reusing, wash any compromised clothing.
  • If swallowed: first clean your mouth & go to the doctor.
  • Don’t induce vomiting.


  • It is non-flameable & non combustible sol.
  • Use carbon dioxide, foam, dry chemicals, or water in case of fire.
  • Decomposition when heated can release poisonous gases.
  • It is a strong oxidizer.
  • Interaction with acetic acid, combustibles, or organic compounds poses a serious fire risk.


  • Ventilate the area.
  • Use sand or another inert absorbent material to confine the spill, neutralize it with calcium hydroxide or sodium bicarbonate, and then deposit the spilled item in a sealed bag or container.
  • To prevent any kind of material damage, soak up spills.


  • Keep alongside amides, nitrates, nitrites, and azides in storage.
  • Keep far from any water source in an acid-specific cabinet.
  • Don’t store with acetic acid.
  • Maintain & store away from clothes & combustible materials.
  • Take all necessary steps to avoid combining with combustibles.
  • Only keep it in the original container.
  • Keep the container firmly shut.
  • Use only in well-ventilated areas or under a hood.


  • Wear safety gear, including gloves, clothes, & eye protection.
  • After handling, carefully wash your hands.
  • Use only in well-ventilated areas or under a hood.

Recommendations for exposure: (as nitric acid) OSHA PEL 5 mg/m3, TLV 5.2 mg/m3, STEL 10 mg/m3, (ACGIH).

Note: This section provides exposure guidelines for nitric acid, which are recommended by different organizations for ensuring the safety of workers who may be exposed to the substance. In this case, the PEL (Permissible Exposure Limit) recommended by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) is 5 mg/m3, while the TLV (Threshold Limit Value) recommended by ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) is 5.2 mg/m3 with a STEL (Short Term Exposure Limit) of 10 mg/m3. These values indicate the maximum concentration of nitric acid that workers can be exposed to over a specific time period without experiencing adverse health effects.


  • Appearance: Transparent liquid that emits fumes and is either colourless or yellow. It has a potent, repulsive odour that might choke you and irritate your respiratory system.
  • Boiling point: 82.6°C.
  • pH: <1>.
  • Specific gravity: 1.41.
  • Melting point: -41.6°C.
  • Vapour pressure: 63.1 mm Hg at 25°C.
  • Solubility: Significant heat is released as it is miscible with water.
  • At 25°C, the viscosity of the substance is 0.746 mPa.s.


  • To prevent damage, it is advised to refrain from touching this substance with bases, alcohols, alkalis, earth metals, metals, plastics, hydrogen peroxide, organic materials, amines, acetic acid, or any easily oxidizable materials.
  • The substance is corrosive to most types of plastic and metal.
  • Diluting the substance with water causes it to generate heat and fumes.
  • The shelf life of the substance is average, and its exposure to light may cause it to turn yellow due to the release of nitrogen dioxide.


  • Acute effects: The substance may cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes.
  • Chronic effects: Long-term exposure to the substance may lead to dental erosion and chronic bronchitis.
  • Target organs: The eyes, skin, respiratory system, and teeth are vulnerable to the harmful effects of this substance.


  • (LDL0 for ORL-HUM: 430 mg/kg).

The lowest lethal dose by oral ingestion in humans is 430 mg/kg.

  • LC50 for IHL-RAT: 244 ppm/0.5 hr.

The concentration of the substance required to cause death in 50% of rats exposed via inhalation for a period of 30 minutes is 244 parts per million (ppm).

  • LD50 for SKN-RBT: N.A.(The LD50 value for SKN-RBT could not be determined (N.A. or not applicable)

This conveys that the LD50 value for SKN-RBT is unknown or was not able to be calculated.


  • Since it is so intensely corrosive, nitric acid released into channels or the environment can seriously harm aquatic life.
  • It can generate nitrous oxide when it reacts with organic matter in the environment, which can add both atmospheric pollution & the greenhouse effect.
  • Nitric acid can also cause soil acidity, which can harm plant growth and microbiological activity in the soil.
  • Nitric acid’s fumes or vapors can irritate the respiratory system & harm lung tissue in both humans & animals.
  • In order to reduce dangers, proper protective gear and spill response methods should be used when there has been a leak/spill or release of nitric acid.
  • In order to avoid contaminating the environment and to ensure safe usage and disposal, nitric acid should really be stored & handled in compliance with all applicable municipal, state, & federal standards.
  • In the event of an unintentional discharge, the spill must be contained & cleaned up with the proper methods and tools to limit additional harm to the environment or to human health.


  • Dispose of in accordance with local, state, & federal rules or laws.


  • Name of Shipping: Nitric acid. Hazard class: 8, Corrosive. UN number: UN2031.
The above info. means that:
Shipping name: Nitric acid: This is the name used to identify the material being transported.
Hazard class: 8, Corrosive: This is the class assigned to the material based on its properties, in this case, corrosivity. Class 8 is reserved for corrosive materials that can cause severe damage to living tissue or other materials upon contact.
UN number: UN2031: This is a unique four-digit number assigned by the United Nations to identify specific hazardous materials. Nitric acid is assigned the UN number 2031, which helps emergency responders and others quickly identify the material in case of an accident or spill.
Overall, this information tells us that nitric acid is considered a hazardous material for transportation and must be properly labeled and handled to ensure safe transportation and prevent harm to people, property, and the environment.


  • TSCA-listed, EINECS-listed (231-714-2), RCRA code D001, D002, D003.

This above-mentioned info. means that Nitric acid is included in a number of regulatory listings, which suggests that there are environmental restrictions on the material. Specifically:

1. TSCA-listed: This indicates that nitric acid is listed on the Chemical Substance Inventory of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), which is a list of chemical substances that are produced, packaged, distributed, or used in the United States. Being listed on the TSCA Inventory implies that nitric acid is subject to specific reporting & recordkeeping criteria under the TSCA.
2. Nitric acid is registered on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) with the number 231-714-2. The EINECS is a directory of chemical substances that were present in the European Union market between 1971 and 1981. As a listed substance on the EINECS, nitric acid is subject to specific regulatory obligations under the European Union’s REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals) regulation.
3. RCRA code D001, D002, D003: This refers to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), which is a United States federal law that regulates the management of hazardous waste. The codes D001, D002, and D003 are specific waste codes used under the RCRA to classify hazardous waste. Nitric acid is assigned these waste codes, which means that it is considered hazardous waste and must be managed and disposed of in accordance with RCRA requirements.
Overall, these regulatory listings indicate that nitric acid is subject to various environmental regulations & must be handled and disposed of properly to minimize risks to human health & the environment.


This Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is intended as a guide & is based on data & tests that are likely to be reliable. I don’t guarantee the data’s correctness or completeness & I’m not responsible for any resulting losses. The information is only being provided for your review, research, & verification. I DO NOT ASSUME RESPONSIBILITY AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR LOSS, DAMAGE, OR EXPENSE RESULTING FROM OR IN ANY WAY CONNECTED WITH THE HANDLING, STORAGE, USE, OR DISPOSAL OF THIS PRODUCT FOR THE FOREGOING AND OTHER REASONS.
Nitric Acid


Nitric acid is considered a highly reactive and corrosive chemical that presents serious hazards to human health and the environment. Contact with nitric acid can cause severe damage to the skin & eyes, while inhalation of its fumes can lead to respiratory irritation and even chemical burns. The use of nitric acid is also associated with environmental pollution due to its contribution to soil acidification and air pollution. For this reason, it is critical to handle & store nitric acid with extreme caution to prevent any potential environmental contamination. Proper storage, handling, and disposal practices should be followed at all times to ensure the safe use of this chemical. Any exposure or accidental release of nitric acid should be immediately reported, and appropriate measures should be taken to minimize any potential risks to human health, wildlife, and the environment. It is recommended to consult the safety data sheet and other relevant documents to ensure the safe handling and use of nitric acid.

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